The purpose of this is to examine the sediments deposited that were deposited during the Middle to Late Ordovician Period in the ocean that was then at the present site of the Mohawk River Valley of New York . Here we focus on the interrelationship between the tectonic events of the time, how they influenced the sediments being deposited, and how both influenced the life in the sea at that time. It is the result of these influences that allows us to unravel the geologic history of the area. We will look at the distribution of the sediments left behind, and the fossils they contain. We will also look at what we understand about the tectonic activity of the region.

Here are some questions to keep in mind when looking at these screens:

The information here will help you answer these questions. In these screens, you'll find information on the tectonics, the depositional environment, and the paleontology of these rocks. To get around, there are a series of buttons at the top of each screen, which will take you to other screens that show you:

Background information on the area:

World The world during the Ordovician
New York New York during the Ordovician
Tectonics Tectonic environment in the Ordovician, of the Mohawk Valley

Specific information on the stratigraphy:

Map Map of stratigraphic sections' locations
Lithology The lithostratigraphic framework

Information on and from the paleocommunity:

Paleocurrents Paleocurrents recorded by alignment of the fossils
Taxa The directory of taxa whose stratigraphic distribution is shown
Water Depths Water depths from ordination of the entire paleontological data set

The best way to begin is to wander through the site, just to see what's there.


Boardman, R.S., Cheetham, A.H., and Rowell, A.J., eds., 1987, Fossil Invertebrates. Blackwell, Boston, MA, 713 pp.

Bradley, D.C., and Kidd, W.S.F., 1991, Flexural extension of the upper continental crust in collisional foredeeps. GSA Bulletin, v. 103, p. 1416-1438.

Gildner, R.F., and Garver, J.,1994, Teaching Biostratigraphy: Bringing the Real World to the Students. GSA Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, p. A85.

Moore, R.C., Lalicker, C.G., and Fischer, A.G., 1952, Invertebrate Fossils. McGraw-Hill, NY, 766 pp.

Sangrey, W.F., and Gildner, R.F., 1989, A test of trilobite cranidia as paleocurrent direction indicators: GSA Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, p. 64.

Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. University of KS and Geological Society of America.

Volume F, Coelenterata. Moore, R.C., ed. xvii + 498 pp., 1956.
Volume G, Bryozoa. Robinson, R.A., ed. xii + 253 pp., 1953.
Volume H, Brachiopoda. Moore, R.C., ed. xxxii + 927 pp., 1965.
Volume K, Mollusca 3. Moore, R.C., ed. xxvii + 519 pp., 1964.
Volume O, Arthropoda 1. Moore, R.C., ed. xix + 560 pp., 1959.